What are the Main Types of HVAC?


When it comes to HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems, there are several different types on the market. Each kind of HVAC system has its own unique features and benefits, making it suited for specific use cases. In this blog, we cover the most popular types of HVAC systems and what makes each of them ideal for either residential or commercial buildings.

Chancey & Reynolds HVAC technician looking at a residential HVAC unit

Types of HVAC Systems

There are four main types of HVAC systems:

  1. Split systems
  2. Packaged systems
  3. Hybrid systems
  4. Ductless systems

1) Split Systems: Split systems are the most common HVAC system used in residential buildings. They consist of an outdoor unit that houses the condenser and compressor, and an indoor unit that contains the evaporator coil and air handler. Split systems are used for heating and cooling and are available in different sizes to suit the needs of the building.

2) Packaged Systems: Packaged systems are typically used in commercial buildings. Unlike split systems, all of the components of a packaged system are housed in a single unit. This unit is generally installed on the roof of the building or on a concrete slab next to it. Packaged systems are used for heating and cooling, and they are available in different sizes to accommodate the needs of the building.

3) Hybrid Systems: Hybrid systems are a combination of a split system and a packaged system. They are typically used in larger residential buildings or small commercial buildings.

Like split systems, hybrid systems have an outdoor unit that houses the compressor and condenser. However, instead of an indoor unit, the air handler is installed inside the ductwork of the building. Hybrid systems can be used for heating and cooling and are available in different sizes to suit the needs of the building.

5) Ductless Systems: Ductless systems, or mini-split systems, are typically used in residential buildings where ductwork is not an option. They consist of an outdoor unit that houses the compressor and condenser and one or more indoor units that contain the evaporator coil and air handler. Ductless systems are available in different sizes to accommodate the needs of the building and can be used for heating and cooling.

Top Pick for Residential HVAC

Split systems are one of the most common types of HVAC systems for residential homes. They are popular among homeowners because they are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and relatively easy to install.

Split systems typically consist of two main components: an outdoor unit and an indoor unit. The outdoor unit contains the compressor, condenser, and expansion valve, while the indoor unit contains the evaporator and fan. The two components are connected by refrigerant lines, electrical wiring, and a drain line.

Split systems are available in a variety of sizes and cooling capacities, so it is important to choose a system that is the right size for your space. With proper installation and maintenance, split systems can keep your home comfortable and efficient for years to come.

Most Popular Commercial HVAC

Packaged HVAC systems are one of the most common types of HVAC systems for commercial buildings because they are highly efficient, relatively easy to install, and customizable to fit the specific needs of the building. They are typically composed of a single unit, which contains all of the components of the HVAC system, such as heating and cooling coils, fans, and air filters.

Packaged HVAC is a great choice for businesses that need to keep their space comfortable and energy-efficient. Additionally, packaged HVAC systems are often less expensive than other types of HVAC systems, making them a great choice for businesses looking to save money.

Hybrid systems are also a popular choice for small commercial buildings due to their combination of efficiency and versatility. A hybrid system combines the features of a packaged system, which is a single, large unit that contains all the components necessary for heating and cooling, with the flexibility of a split system, which allows for the individual installation of a furnace and air conditioner in separate locations.

Hybrid commercial HVAC systems offer greater energy efficiency, more control over individual settings, and the ability to upgrade components as needed. Additionally, hybrid systems are typically easier to install and maintain than traditional systems, making them an attractive option for small businesses.

Your Best HVAC System

When it comes to choosing the best HVAC system for your building, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Your best HVAC system choice depends on several factors, including the size of the building, the climate in your area, and your budget.

Split systems or ductless systems are an affordable and efficient option for residential buildings. These systems offer a cost-effective solution that requires minimal installation and minimal energy usage. The split system lets you to control the temperature in each room individually, so you can set a temperature that is comfortable for each individual space.

Split HVAC systems are easy to maintain, and they can be used in both hot and cold climates. Additionally, they are typically quieter than other heating and cooling systems, making them ideal for homes or apartments. Split systems or ductless systems are a great choice for anyone looking for a cost-effective, efficient, and convenient way to heat and cool their home.

A hybrid system, which combines a traditional HVAC system with a heat pump, is a great option for larger residential buildings or smaller commercial buildings, as it allows for greater energy efficiency. This type of system typically has two components – an outdoor unit that works as a compressor and an indoor unit that acts as an air handler – and can be used to both cool and heat a building.

For larger commercial buildings, however, a packaged system is usually the most efficient option. This type of heating and cooling unit includes all of the necessary components for air conditioning, heating, and ventilation, including an air-handling unit, a condensing unit, and a cooling coil. Packaged systems increase energy efficiency, making them an ideal choice for larger commercial buildings.

Trusted HVAC in Knoxville and Lenoir City

Chancey & Reynolds has been installing, servicing, and repairing HVAC systems in greater Knoxville since 1978. We have decades of experience with all types, makes, and models of heating and cooling systems and HVAC accessories.

Our NATE-certified technicians thoroughly evaluate your home or business’s design to recommend the best-fitting systems for you. We even offer free estimates and convenient financing options for those who qualify, so you don’t have to worry about major upfront costs. Commercial and residential HVAC users across Knoxville and Lenoir City trust our team of air specialists to keep their indoor air comfortable year-round.